Harry Warren

"By silent consensus, the king of this army of unknown soldiers, the Hollywood incognitos, was Harry Warren, who had more songs on the Hit Parade than Berlin himself and who would win the contest hands down if enough people have heard of him." 
 Wilfrid Sheed, Cultural Historian, Time Magazine

Harry Warren (December 24, 1893 – September 22, 1981) was one of America's finest and most prolific composers. He who wrote primarily for film, and won the Academy Award for Best Song three times with a total of 
eleven nominations.

Over a career spanning four decades, Warren wrote over 800 songs, with his hits from the Four Jays Music Company catalog including, That's Amore, You're The Right One, and The House of Singing Bamboo. Warren's songs have been featured in over 300 films.


Early life
Warren was born Salvatore Antonio Guaragna, one of eleven children of Italian immigrants Antonio (a boot maker) and Rachel De Luca Guaragna, and grew up in Brooklyn, New York. His father changed the family name to Warren when Harry was a child. Although his parents could not afford music lessons, Warren had an early interest in music and taught himself to play his father's accordion. He also sang in the church choir and learned to play the drums. He began to play the drums professionally by age 14 and dropped out of high school at 16 to play with his godfather's band in a traveling carnival. Soon he taught himself to play piano and by 1915, he was working at the Vitagraph Motion Picture Studio, where he did a variety of administrative jobs, such as props man, and also played mood music on the piano for the actors, acted in bit parts and eventually was an assistant director. He also played the piano in cafés and silent-movie houses. In 1918 he joined the US Navy where he began writing songs.

Warren wrote over 800 songs between 1918 and 1981, publishing over 500 of them. They were written mainly for 56 feature films or were used in other films that used Warren's newly written or existing songs. His songs eventually appeared in over 300 films and 112 of Warner Brothers "Looney Tunes" cartoons. 42 of his songs were on the top ten list of the radio program"Your Hit Parade", a measure of a song's popularity. 21 of these reached #1 on Your Hit Parade. "You'll Never Know" appeared 24 times. His song "I Only Have Eyes For You" is listed in the list of the 25 most-performed songs oft he 20th Century, as compiled by the American Society of Composers,Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP). Warren was the director of ASCAP from 1929 to 1932. He collaborated on some of his most famous songs with lyricists Al Dubin, Billy Rose,Mack Gordon, Leo Robin, Ira Gershwin and Johnny Mercer. In 1942the Gordon-Warren song "Chattanooga Choo-Choo", as performed by the Glenn Miller Orchestra, became the first gold record in history,with sales of 1,200,000. ] Among his biggest hits were "There Will Never Be Another You", "I Only Have Eyes for You", "Forty-Second Street", "The Gold Diggers' Song (We're in the Money)", "Lullaby of Broadway","Serenade In Blue", "At Last", "Jeepers Creepers","You're Getting to Be a Habit with Me" and "Young and Healthy".  Early hits and film years Warren's first hit song was "Rose of the Rio Grande" (1922), with lyrics by Edgar Leslie.He wrote a succession of hit songs in the 1920s, including "I Love My Baby (My Baby Loves Me)" and "Seminola" in 1925, "Where Do You Work-a John?" and "In My Gondola" in 1926 and "Nagasaki" in 1928.In 1930, he composed the music for the song "Cheerful Little Earful" for the Billy Rose Broadway revue, Sweet and Low, and composed the music, with lyrics by Mort Dixon and Joe Young, for the Ed Wynn Broadway revue The Laugh Parade in 1931.  He started working for Warner Brothers in 1932, paired with Dubin to write the score for the first blockbuster film musical, 42nd Street and continued to work there for six years, writing the scores for32more musicals.  He worked for 20th Century Fox starting in1940, writing with Mack Gordon. He moved to MGM starting in 1944,writing for musical films such as The Harvey Girls and The Barkleys of Broadway, many starring Fred Astaire. He later worked for Paramount, starting in the early 1950s, writing for the Bing Crosby movie Just for You and the Martin and Lewis movie The Caddy, the latter containing the hit song "That's Amore". He continued to write songs for several more Jerry Lewis comedies. 

Last years
In 1955, Warren wrote "The Legend of Wyatt Earp", which was used in the TV series The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp. The last musical score that Warren composed specifically for Broadway was Shangri-La. In 1957, he received his last Academy Award nomination for "An Affair To Remember". He continued to write songs for movies throughout the 1960s and 1970s but never again achieved the famethat he had enjoyed earlier. His last movie score was for Manhattan Melody, in 1980, but the film was never produced. Warren composed a Mass, with Latin text, in 1962. This was performed a decade later at Loyola Marymount University but has yet to be recorded commercially.

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